Summary

 stands for Video Cassette Recorder and  stands for Video Home System. VCR is a machine (video player) and VHS is a video tape. Video can be recorded into a VHS tape via a video camera or from television. There are also pre-recorded movies available in VHS

VCR and VHS work together. However, there’s a difference between them as you’ll see from the following explanation.

What Does VHS Stand For?

Updated November 2020

VHS stands for Video Home System.

It’s an analog tape format with a tape width of half an inch. VHS tapes were first available in the USA in 1977, having been released a year earlier in Japan.

It’s a low quality video format which promises about 240 horizontal lines.

When recorded at lower speeds (LP), the quality will be much lower. Read on to learn more.

What Does VCR Stand For?

VCR stands for Video Cassette Recorder.

VCR is a machine (video player) and VHS is a video tape.

Video can be recorded into a VHS tape via a video camera or from television. There are also pre-recorded movies available in VHS.

To playback a VHS tape, you would need a VHS player, A video player can only playback video from a VHS tape.

A VCR can do that, too and also record video into a blank VHS tape from a television set or from another video player playing a VHS tape.

So, a VCR is a video player- recorder and VHS is a tape. VHS

VHS Tape Recording Modes

You can record on a VHS tape in 3 modes – Standard Play (SP) Mode, Long Play (LP) and Extended Play (EP), also known as Super Long Play (SLP) and Slow Play.

Standard Play promises the highest quality and Extended Play the lowest quality.

How Long Can VHS Tapes Record?

VHS tapes can record from a minimum of 20 minutes and a maximum of 180 minutes in SP Mode.

In LP Mode in can record a minimum of 40 minutes to a maximum of 360 minutes.

In EP mode, VHS tapes can record a minimum of 60 minutes to a maximum of 540 minutes.

Refer to the table below to for the recording time available in the three different modes.

VHS Tape TypeSP Mode (Minutes) LP Mode (Minutes EP Mode (Minutes)
T-20204060
T-30 30 60 90
T-45 45 90135
T-60 60120180
T-90 90180270
T-120 120240360
T-160 160320480
T-180 180360540

People Also Ask :

Why is a Blank VHS Tape Marked T Followed by a Number?

The T indicates that the tape is of the NTSC type. The number denotes the play time available in minutes. So, if a tape is marked T12O, it means it is an NTSC tape with a record and play time of 120 minutes in SP mode.

VHS Type T and Type E tapes - NTSC and PAL

If a tape is marked E180, E means the tape is of the PAL type with 180 minutes of playtime.

How is a VHS HQ Tape Different from a Standard VHS Tape?

A VHS HQ tape offers a horizontal resolution of 250 lines. A standard VHS tape offers a resolution of 240 lines.

VHS Fun Facts

  • Sony successfully introduced the 1/2-inch Betamax VCR to the consumer market in 1975. It is the first successful VCR to hit the home market.
  • JVC (Victor Company of Japan) developed the VHS or Video Home System.
  • JVC followed up with the VHS VCR in 1976 which was to displace Betamax as the preferred consumer video tape format.
  • VHS was released in Japan on September 9, 1976.
  • It was introduced to the USA market about a year later on 23rd August, 1977.