It’s the first video tape format in a cassette form.
Prior to the introduction of U-matic all videotape format were in the form of open reel or reel to real.
U-matic has a tape width of 3/4 /0.75 inches or 19 mm .
It was originally intended for home use but didn’t catch on in the home entertainment scene chiefly because of its steep price
It became popular though in industrial and educational circles.
It also found popular use in the TV broadcast field as well.
It was often used for on-location news gathering purposes.
A U-matic tape comes with an accidental erasure protection in the form of a red button which if removed prevents accidental recording.
Two more U-matic tapes emerged in the 1980s.
The first is BVU, (Broadcast Video U-matic) and the Superior Performance (SP) version. The latter was introduced in 1986.
These new formats gave way to Sony Betacam SP in the 1990s.
Betacam offered far superior video quality compared to U-matic.
A smaller size U-matic cassette with a 20-minute recording duration suitable for field recording was also introduced.
The U-matic format was used until 2000.
U-matic to Digital
It would be a tough proposition to convert a U-matic tape to digital on your own compared to VHS to digital or 8mm to digital.
For one, U-matic wasn’t a consumer format, as has been excplained earlier.
There are a limited number of U-matic VCRs around. One in working condition would run into more than a thousand dollars.
The wisest option to go if you have a U-matic tape is to seek a U-matic to digital conversion service.
U-matic to digital conversion services offer conversion via professional quality playback decks with Time Base Correction (TBC) equipment to reduce or eliminate jitters and other playback errors, while maximizing video quality.
These conversion services also include volume normalization as part of their packages. Some would go as far as offering basic video editing like titles and transitions.